Landscapes are closely linked to human well-being, but they are undergoing rapid and fundamental change.
Tobias Plieninger and co-authors review landscape research in Europe and conclude that landscapes are a useful boundary object in studying complex interactions between human activities and the environment. The review shows that drivers such as agricultural industrialization and urbanization, as well as the preservation approach to landscape governance, have led to a fundamental decoupling of humans and the environment in landscapes. Therefore, landscape research is important, since it can help identify options for recoupling of social and ecological subsystems, and develop visions for sustainable stewardship. However, landscape research does not adequately address issues of power and justice, although they are important for studies of ecosystem change and society. Therefore, the authors conclude that landscape research and studies of ecosystem change and society are complementary and would both benefit from a mutual exchange.
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PECS - Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society
Stockholm Resilience Centre
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WHAT IS PECS
The Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS), is a core project of Future Earth. It aims to integrate research on the stewardship of social–ecological system and the relationships among natural capital, human wellbeing, livelihoods, inequality and poverty.